Memorizing Pharmacology Video 2 of 7
Pharmacology is necessary for all nurses. However, it can be difficult for the novice to decipher the often complicated names and actions. Here's some help....
We gradually increase the difficulty by moving from 13 gastrointestinal to 25 musculoskeletal medicines. To handle this many, we’ll divide the drugs into various sub-classes. It’s useful to create an outline, not by alphabetical order, but by drug class. It takes a little bit of pharmacologic knowledge to do this, so I recommend starting with the groupings I give you, then branch out after you feel more comfortable with the physiologic system.
To start you off, I’ve typed out the outline making sure to 1) underline/note prefixes and suffixes 2) put the rationale for the drug sub-class order in brackets. Creating these orders is an active learning process and makes it easier to remember not only what the drug is for, but also what makes it different from others for clinical challenges.
OTC NSAIDS – [In order of half-life and alphabetically]Aspirin (Ecotrin) (ASA), shorter half-life
Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), shorter half-life–profen is a recognized NSAID stemNaproxen (Aleve), longer half-life
OTC Non-narcotic analgesicAcetaminophen (Tylenol, APAP)
OTC NSAID / Non-narcotic analgesic / caffeine combinationASA/APAP/Caffeine (Excedrin)ASA for inflammation and pain
APAP for migraine pain
Caffeine used as vasoconstrictor
Rx NSAID – [In order from COX-2 non-specific to COX-2 specific]Meloxicam (Mobic)-icam stemCelecoxib (Celebrex) COX-2 specific-coxib stemOpioids – controlled medications – [In order of DEA schedule]
CII – most addicting classMorphine (MS Contin)Is at the top because it’s the prototypical opioid medicationFentanyl (Duragesic, Sublimaze)CIII – less addicting than CII and so forth . . .
Hydrocodone / APAP (Vicodin)
Oxycodone / APAP (Percocet)
APAP / codeine (Tylenol #3)CIV - Mixed opioid
Tramadol (Ultram)Narcotic antagonist
Triptans [in alphabetical order]Eletriptan (Relpax)
DMARDS (Disease Modifying Anti-Rheumatoid drugs)[From non-biologic to biologic]
Methotrexate (Rheumatrex) – a non-biologic
Abatacept (Orencia) – a biologic
Etanercept (Enbrel) – a biologic-cept is a common stem
-tacept is a stem with a sub-stem “ta”
-nercept is a stem with a sub-stem “ner”
Osteoporosis agents Bisphosophonates [alphabetically]Alendronate (Fosamax)
Ibandronate (Boniva)-dronate is a stem
Muscle relaxers [alphabetically]Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril)
Diazepam (Valium)-azepam is a stem (not –pam)
Anti-gout [uric acid reducers in alphabetical order]Allopurinol (Zyloprim)
Febuxostat (Uloric)-xostat is a stem
Try to take notes from the video with this short outline. Is it easier when you have a head start like a short outline? The same is true with pharmacology lectures. If you start with a lattice or framework, you’ll catch a lot more. If you prefer to use notecards, try to group those notecards in this similar order and see if you remember them more easily.
Last edit by TonyPharmD on Jul 6, '17 : Reason: Add pathophysiologic class.