G/J Tubes and Venting Subtopic: Siezures and Urology Issues

  1. 0 I have a very complex young male with a G/J tube, Epilepsy, Reynaud's syndrome, mental retardation, gastroparisis, GERD, hx of bleeding ulcers, urinary retention and constant loose stools. He also has a hx of bacterial overgrowth, toxic shock and an umbilical hernia.

    He is on a continuous feed with a pump. He gets Vivonex TEN with 370 ml water. For his meds, he's on clonazepam 1mg, prevacid 30mg BID, diurel (diuretic) 250mg BID, and K-Phos tablets BID, for low potassium and phosphate levels after a 4 min seizure (the day prior).

    He's a very happy and sweet boy aside from his medical issues. No behavioral issues what so ever.

    I am a pretty new nurse (RN) and don't have much prior experience with G/J tubes or GI issues in general and would like to be able to educate his family more about his diagnoses.

    We are mostly concerned about his intermittent changes in bile or output from his G tube when we vent him. One day it's perfectly light yellow and thin next it's dark green and frothy. He's also had dark yellow bile, which leads to increased pain (grinds his teeth and groans) and "egg-yolk" like bile which I have read can be due to malabsorption issues. Again, there seems to be no rhyme or reason and his changes in secretions are very sporadic. He's gone three days without "egg-yolk" secretions but is now having dark yellow and slightly green bile. Lastly, I've contacted his GI specialist about his secretions and he is not too concerned. However, his mother is very concerned and does not understand why things are so sporadic when he's been getting the same formula and same medications for years. Is his GI tract just shutting down? Is it a progression related to one of his diagnoses? I want to provide some clarity to my patient if possible.
    Also, he's had seizures occurring after dark green bile but I'm not sure if they're linked. Don't have his blood work from that time. I'm guessing green bile could mean an infection. And I know his Diurel can lead him into a seizure by throwing off his calcium and potassium levels; which had seemed to of occurred two weeks ago and his Diurel was held for a few days and K-Phos prescribed.

    LASTLY, he also has intermittent ORANGE urine. Probably once every 10 days or so. Also, it occurs in the morning usually once. I've read that it could be a sign of liver issues. And it doesn't seem to be a side effect of any of his meds atleast from what I've read. However, Clonazepam can raise liver enzymes.
    And he's gone 4 days without sleep now and may have had some seizure activity last night for 1 min.

    I'd love to hear from some GI nurses/ Med-Surg nurses and possibly see some articles for support.

    Thank You
  2. Visit  syoung5 profile page

    About syoung5

    syoung5 has '2' year(s) of experience and specializes in 'LTC, Home Health'. From 'Kennebunk, ME, US'; Joined Mar '13; Posts: 3.

    3 Comments so far...

  3. Visit  SweetMelissaRN profile page
    Although I have no insight into the possible causes, can I just say your desire to find an answer is extremely inspiring. I hope you get a clear answer and please provide an update if possible

    Keep up the great nursing, we need more nurses like you :hugs:
  4. Visit  salvadordolly profile page
    I would think with his history of ulcers, GERD, and gastoparesis, and bacterial overgrowth, his gastro MD would be concerned about H.Pylori. With that history, has the child been scoped recently?
  5. Visit  syoung5 profile page
    Quote from salvadordolly
    I would think with his history of ulcers, GERD, and gastoparesis, and bacterial overgrowth, his gastro MD would be concerned about H.Pylori. With that history, has the child been scoped recently?

    I believe his last scope was about two years ago. He recently went to the ER with extreme GI upset and his venting was dark green (tested; no blood). However, all they did was control his pain and put him on 24 hour venting. They did abd. x-rays as well to rule out a blockage. I was hoping he'd be scoped. He was there for four days then returned and had a 3 min seizure at home. They did an MRI and kept him overnight. Now he's on a slew of seizure and nerve pain medications. We're seeing his GI doctor today so hopefully we can brainstorm. Thanks for the reply!!!

Nursing Jobs in every specialty and state. Visit today and find your dream job.

A Big Thank You To Our Sponsors