Disproportionality is key. Consider these facts. Sadly, the trend of fatal police shootings in the United States seems to only be increasing, with a total 429 civilians having been shot, 88 of whom were Black, as of June 4, 2020. In 2018, there were 996 fatal police shootings, and in 2019 this figure increased to 1,004. Additionally, the rate of fatal police shootings among Black Americans was much higher than that for any other ethnicity, standing at 30 fatal shootings per million of the population as of June 2020.
In 2019 data of all police killings in the country compiled by Mapping Police Violence, black Americans were nearly three times more likely to die from police than white Americans. Other statistics showed that black Americans were nearly one-and-a-half times more likely to be unarmed before their death.
Most states’ police forces killed black people at a higher rate per capita than white people, with Illinois, New York and Washington D.C. carrying some of the largest discrepancies by state. D.C., with a black population of nearly 50 percent, had 88 percent of all police killings be against black Americans – a discrepancy of over 38 percentage points. Rhode Island had the largest discrepancy of 44 points, albeit with a much smaller sample size of four police killings in 2019 – two of them being African American.
My article was not written in a vacuum. First, my article focused on nursing but made reference to the protests related to the death of George Floyd and recent protest. I did not attempt to debate policing in my article, but made an assumption that readers understand the data aforementioned that African Americans are killed by White police officers for nonviolent crimes disproportionately. Clearly, I overestimated based your response. Again, this article is based on nursing.
You referred to safe neighborhoods.
Public health and social determinants of health indicate that housing, access to food, safe neighborhoods, food deserts, education, healthcare access etc. are key indicators that impact health outcomes. Research on this issue is extensive. Here a brief article for your reference. https://www.focusforhealth.org/sdoh_neighborhood/
African American Males in Nursing
You stated, If you took into account that African Americans are 14% of the population (7% African American Females), they would be over represented if you accounted for the complete lack of African American males in nursing."
Statistically, you are incorrect. In a recent study by the American Association of the College of Nursing, African-Americans only made up six percent of the nursing workforce, and the figure is even less when looking at black males. The amount of white registered nurses is around 83 percent, significantly higher than that of minority groups.
Here is additional information for your review about minorities in nursing.