Effects of Smoking on the Umb Cord

  1. Does anyone know of any research on what effect smoking has on the umb cord? I know the effects on the placental aging, fetal size and circulation-- but I'm wondering about the effects on the cord. Can it reduce/effect the wharton's jelly or cause a small cord? Is there any correlation between smoking and cord prolapse?
  2. Visit Connie P profile page

    About Connie P

    Joined: Jun '99; Posts: 5