The north-south divide has no geographical recognized line on any map and is known historically as the "Mason-Dixon" line. However I think it's mostly in the heads of those who were brought up in families that actually think there's nothing wrong with slavery!
Since I moved to the USA 50 years ago, much culture shock occurred for me! First there was all the bally-hoo associated with elections here. Then the unbelievable tax advantages enjoyed only by the very rich...
When I was the Nurse Supervisor in a Home Health agency in southern VA, I received a call from my supervisor from another city more south of mine. She told/demanded of me that I notify one of our best nurses' aides that she was not to go to any of her patients that day! No reason for that was forthcoming, and no other aides were available to give care to the patients, since most of their families went out around the time they expected the aide, to get other things done.
These patients were all bed-bound and could do nothing for themselves...... Flabbergasted, i inquired why this was happening, and was told that it always was done when the agency was being audited by the administrators from its central office. This very pleasant nurse explained that the aide's certification as that, had been lost in one of the many recent changes in ownership it had experienced! We would be closed down, she said, if it was discovered in the personnel files. I asked if anyone had called the school where the certification had been given, and was told that it was probably closed long ago.
I called the Nurses' Aide, one of the best we had, and asked her what school had bestowed her certification, found that she had gone to one at an existing prestigious hospital nearby, and called to see if another copy of that document was available. The result was that it certainly was, for no cost. So I asked Mary (not her name) to go to that school for it, have our office make 10 copies of it, and told her to keep 5 of them in a very safe place, in case she ever needed them again.
Mary told me that this had happened every year for the past 10 years, and the loss of income and result of her patients having no care was considerable. It didn't even occur to me that these events might have happened due to her and her patients African American heritage! I am rather color blind.
However that became a distinct possibility when I reported the way I'd handled the situation
to my supervisor. She snapped at me, " Now she and all her kind will want more money"! After I'd changed my employment, I saw one of the office workers from that agency years later, who told me that Mary was indeed making more money...... She went to school to become an LPN, and having obtained that, was thinking of going back to school to have more education to become a R.N.! I was delighted too, to know that she no longer looks at her feet when someone of a higher position talks to her.....
Those who would like to know more about circumstances in the south of the USA (still there to some extent), would benefit from seeing the movie or reading "The Help", by Katherine Stockett.