These are notes from my Thursday Lecture. We spent about 3 hours on study skills and test taking techniques.
WHEN YOU: THE ODDS ARE:
start with 4 otions 1 out of 4 (25%)
eliminate 1 distractor 1 out of 3 (33.3%)
throw out 2 distractors 1 out of 2 (50%)
1. Need to break down the question into parts---
Read stem. What is it asking?? Try paraphrasing or answering in own words before looking at options.
Look at options. Don't choose too quickly. Options may include accurate information, but do not answer what is asked for in the question.
2. Recognize key words of negative polarity
usually mean question is concerned with what is false
asks to identify exception, find an error, or recognize unacceptable interventions
if all options seem correct, you may have missed a negative key word
3. Identify priority setters
look for "first", "best", "most", "initially" in stem
rank answers according to value: ex. question asks what nurse should do FIRST. Rank 1-4 with most desirable option #1, and least desirable #4.
Hint: Look at all 4 and eliminate most wrong. This choice will be #4. Then look at remaining 3, and eliminate most wrong, and this will be #3, etc.
4.Pick out clues in the stem
Remember every word in the stem is important, but some are more significant than others'
A clue is usually a word/phrase that relates to another word/phrase in the stem
A clue may paraphrase a word or phrase in the correct answer
5.Recognize central person in question
Significant person is one who will receive care
Usually the patient, but may be spouse or other family members
6.Pick out patient-centered options
Look for options that give the patient priority: exploring patient feelings, identifying patient preferences giving the patient choices, etc.
7.Be careful of words or statements that indicate NO expetions
Ex. "always", "never", "every", "only"
These terms will limit the correctness of the options
Item may have two options that are opposite to each other --- seriously consider their meaning!!!
One may be correct answer, or both may be wrong. When one is correct, question is asking you to choose between two responses that are extremes of a concept or principle.
When both options are wrong, they are being used as distractors to divert you from the correct answer.
9.Recognize equally "believable" options
Usually if two options are equally plausible, they are both incorrect. Drop those from consideration, and you've dropped your odds to 50%
10.Look for duplicate facts among the options
One option may have same or similar fact
if fact is incorrect, eliminate all options from consideration that contain that fact
11.Avoid choosing options that deny patient needs
Ex. "Everything will be all right", changing the subject, encouraging the patient to be cheerful, giving away nursing responsibility to other, etc.
12.You can use more than one test-taking technique for answering a question.
General test taking techniques
Follow regular routine the night before
Arrive on time
Bring essential tools
Understand all directions before starting
Use good time managment (Answer the questions you know first)
Look at simple before complex
Make educated guesses
Maintain Positive Mental Attitude
Check answers and answer sheep
Don't use erasers - you first answer is usually the right one
Hope this helps
It has helped me - One of our study skills is review your lectures notes within 48 hours after lecture!