On completion of this chapter, the reader will:
*Name four activities that prepare clients for ambulation.
*Give two examples of isometric exercises that tone and strengthen lower extremities.
*Identify one technique for building upper arm strength.
*Explain the reason for dangling clients or using a tilt table.
*Name two devices used to assist clients with ambulation.
*Give three examples of ambulatory aids.
*Identify the most stable type of ambulatory aid.
*Describe three characteristics of appropriately fitted crutches.
*Name four types of crutch-walking gaits.
*Explain the purpose of a temporary prosthetic limb.
*Discuss two criteria that must be met before constructing a permanent prosthetic limb.
*Name four components of above-the-knee and below-the-knee prosthetic limbs.
*Describe how a prosthetic limb is applied.
*Discuss age-related changes that affect the gait and ambulation of older adults.