Per several studies/OSHA, there is no danger to pregnant nurses from hanging chemo or caring for chemo patients if ALL PEOPLE HANDLING THE CHEMO AND PT FOLLOW PROPER CHEMO PRECAUTIONS. Please note the capitalized words. In many places, nurses/pharmacy gets careless or are lax in precautions, or employers
do not provide appropriate/adequate PPE.
My oncology unit recently went
through a year, in which at various times, 9 staff members were pregnant. It would have been virtually impossible to avoid assigning a pregnant nurse to a chemo pt. We allowed those that did not want hang it, to defer that duty, but most would care for the pt afterward/ or before the administration. We do not have
pregnant nurses give IVP chemo as it has more danger of exposure. As a note, none had miscarriages or defects, despite the fact that 5 of the 9 were well over 30, with one over 40 yo. And all of the older nurses, it was a first birth. Several are pregnant again.
On our unit, chemo comes up in a special bag. We check it in the bag, through the plastic, then wrap it in a chux, don a chemo gown, chemo gloves (double gloved, with one under the cuff of the gown, and one over), mask. The tubing is set up with special phaseal antireflux attachments, and all connections are tightened. The cover bag is opened at the end, and chemo bag (with another antiaerosolation device on the opening for the spike) is spiked while still mostly contained in the cover bag. Chemo is back primed, so no loss or aerisolation. Used chemo supplies go in the empty cover bag and any used old chemo administration bags with tubing/syringes are disconnected safely with the phaseal, wrapped in the chux and go in the bag as well, taken to the chemo disposal. Pt is considered contaminated for up to 48 hrs after last chemo given, linens and soiled clothing should be handled with gloves, and toilet should be double flushed, while covered (to prevent aerisolization) after pt has used it.