Need some help with terminology

  1. hey guys and gals.. i really hope you don't think my posts are annoying, i know i am only a doula but i really have no one else to ask. i am trying to get familiar with l&d terminology, and i have a few terms/abbreviations i cannot define in my book. help is appreciated! :kiss


    amenorrhea

    aseptic

    beta streptococcus - is this group b strep?

    bilirubin

    cervical cap

    congenital abnormality

    leukocytes - i think leuko means white.. does this have something to do with white blood cells?

    lochia

    mastitis

    placental insufficiency

    precipitous

    prolactin

    sacrum

    hypermesis gravidarum

    hypoglycemia

    hypoxia

    incontinence

    intrapartum

    succenturiate placenta

    tachycardia - is this similar to bradycardia?? how are they different?



    what does d and c stand for exactly? how is the procedure done?


    what do these stand for??

    loa
    lop
    pku
    roa
    rop



    i have looked up as much as i can but the above is what i could not find out or just don't have a great understanding of. i know all of you are very busy but if anyone feels like responding please know that i am so very greatful!!
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  2. 12 Comments

  3. by   mark_LD_RN
    this is a long post, wish i could type better,
    amenorrhea=absence of menstral flow=not monthly bleeding
    aseptic = sterile
    beta strep is group B strep=
    bilirubin = is the pigment in bile, it comes from blood(hemoglobin) it is a level tested in the blood of babies . high bilirubin is caused by many conditions in newborn
    congenital abnormality= is an abnormality present at birth
    lochia refers to the blood discharge after birth, 3 types. rubra=red blood, serosa thin water red ,alba= thin clear yellowish
    mastitis = is inflammation of breast
    placental insufficency= the placenta is to small or dose not supply enough blood flow for the fetus
    precipitious= rapid birth usually less than 2 hours total
    prolactin = hormone in body involved in milk production
    sacrum= tail bone
    hyperemesis gravidarum = excessive vomiting in pregnancy
    hypoglycemia = low blood sugar
    hypoxia = not enough oxygen in blood
    incontinence= in ability to contro urination or bowel function
    intrapartum= happening during child birth
    postpartum=after child birth
    antepartum before child birth
    succenturiate placenta= i think it is a double or substitue placenta, have not heard that term in a while maybe someone else could help us out
    tachycardia is fast hrt rate
    bradycardia is slow heart rate
    tachypnea is rapid breathing
    apnea is absence of breathing
    D&C is dialation and curtage it is the dialation of the cervix manually and the surgical scaring out of uterins contents

    the following are positions of fetal head
    loa left occiput anterior
    roa =righ occiput anterior
    rop right occiput posterior
    lop left occiput posterior
    lot left occiput transverse
    rot right occiput transverse
    oa occiput anterior
    op occiput posterior
    posterior = rear
    anterior = front
    transverse is side ways
    occiput is back of head


    pku= phnylketonuria it is a test done on babies it tests for a metabloic condition
    Last edit by mark_LD_RN on Jul 23, '02
  4. by   Natalieboo
    Oh my gosh Mark, thank you so much!!! You're awesome! HUGS!!
  5. by   shay
    Yeah, thanks Mark!! I took one look at that long list and said, 'HOLY CRAP!!' Hee hee........
  6. by   RNConnieF
    Tiffiny,
    You might fing a standard medical speller helpful for abbreviations. I have a pocket medical speller that has a whole section of "common" abbreviations. It even includes the alphabet soup you see after names in the medical field. I got my speller at a book store clearance and it was less than $5.00.Keep in mind thought it IS NOT a dictionary, just a speller. If you need more than spelling and acceptabel abbreviations you'll need a medical dictionary.
  7. by   mark_LD_RN
    your welcome natlieboo
  8. by   Natalieboo
    Thanks Connie, that's a great idea. I'll have to see what I can find at Chapters.. !
  9. by   kittyw
    Natalieboo ...

    You might want to check out this website ... it's an online med dictionary.

    http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/

    It's helped me a lot!!
    Kitty
  10. by   christinemj
    congenital abnormality= is an inherited abnormality

    I just feel it's important to make sure that the correct definition is given for "congenital abnormality". Congenital means that the abnormality is PRESENT AT BIRTH. This does not mean that it was "inherited" from the parents, but more likely that something happened during development of the fetus which led to an anomaly. As a doula, voicing an incorrect definition can greatly affect new parent's state of mind, since "inherited" insinuates that the parents "gave" something to the child, when in fact the genetic makeup of the parents usually has nothing to do with a congenital abnormality.

    As stated simply by Merriam-Webster.......congenital is -

    a : existing at or dating from birth <congenital deafness> ....... c : acquired during development in the uterus and not through heredity


    It's all in the semantics.

    Christine
  11. by   Natalieboo
    Okay, great Christine! Thanks for clarifying that!
  12. by   mark_LD_RN
    at birth is the phrase i was trying to think off,
  13. by   ADN 2002
    Hey Tiffany,

    If you're interested, why don't you get a Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary? It will give you definitions for these terms (and many, many, many more) and it goes into a decent amount of material on items like what you're wanting to look up. I don't think I've come across a medical term yet that I couldn't find in there. I think they make them now that come w/ a CD-ROM, which would really be good.

    Just a suggestion...
  14. by   CMTMom
    As a CMT I have a Taber's and it is a lifesaver! Most abbreviations are in there as well as all the words you were looking for.

    Another GREAT reference is Stanley Jablonski's Dictionary of Medical Acronyms and Abbreviations I have the third edition; it is published by Hanley & Belfus, Inc./Philedelphia. ISBN is 1-56053-264-5.

    Finally, a great resource for you online would be http://www.mtdaily.com Chances are, if you can't find references to the words you're looking for, you will get the answer to your posted question within 10 minutes!

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