I have seen so many come here and ask this. I am always happy to tell people who do that I graduated nursing school 6 years ago, having secured an L and D job 2 months prior to graduation. Yes, I started in L and D right out of nursing school. Now before you think otherwise, understand, I am NOT saying starting in Med/Surg is NOT a good idea because it IS! You would get a VERY solid foundation on which to build any nursing career, spending that first to second year out of school in Med/Surg nursing. And it was what I had planned to do.
However, the L and D manager at the local hospital had gotten my name and called me for an interview one day, and I was NOT going to say "no" to the job of my dreams. I felt like fate had stepped in to guide me. But let me warn you; I had a ROUGH first 2 years. There is A whole LOT to learn and FAST. L and D nurses HAVE to learn and possess excellent med/surg skills (cause labor patients can have complications that come up quickly, and you are treating TWO patients, not just one). You have to be an excellent communicator as well. Confidence is vital to practice in OB. But it can be done. 6 years later, I am what I would honestly call a very skilled L and D, Newborn and GYN nurse with a vast amount of experience behind me. I still love what I do.
As far as information regarding L and D nursing, your best source is AWHONN. ( www.awhonn.org
). This organization sets the practice standards by which US nurses in OB/Newborn/GYN nursing follow. It is a good start to visit there and as graduation comes closer, perhaps join the organization to show your sincere interest. You will also want to have current CPR when applying for work and be aware most places want you to have NRP (newborn resuscitation program) certification fairly soon after starting work, so be sure you tell any prospective employer that is a goal of yours.
While in school, take EVERY opportunity to learn what you can cause that safety net of having instructors behind you wont' be there when you are a Grad nurse and the learning REALLY begins. Be a sponge from the start.
I wish you well. Do like I did---see what happens BUT--- Don't take your eyes off the prize. Good luck.