Effects of Smoking on the Umb Cord

  1. Does anyone know of any research on what effect smoking has on the umb cord? I know the effects on the placental aging, fetal size and circulation-- but I'm wondering about the effects on the cord. Can it reduce/effect the wharton's jelly or cause a small cord? Is there any correlation between smoking and cord prolapse?
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    About Connie P

    Joined: Jun '99; Posts: 5
    RNC


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