this is an exercise in organic chemistry naming conventions. suesquatch is correct. the first list are prefixes. the second list are suffixes. each of these prefixes and suffixes are, however, chemical molecules that bind together to create organic compounds. you are being introduced to organic chemistry terminology with this exercise. every item from the first list can be combined to form an organic chemical with something from the second list.
you will find the answers to some of the items on your list here at this website;
. click on the "site map" link. an outline page comes up. scroll down to organic chemistry. click on this, as it is an active link to get to the information that discuses how the basic organic compounds are named. for meth-, eth-, prop-, but-, pent-, hex-, hept-, oct-, non-, and dec- are prefixes that refer to the number of carbon atoms in the molecule. this article starts with the alkanes, the simplest of the organic compounds and starts to show you how these prefixes are combined with a suffix to name an organic compound. -ane, -ene, -yne, -andl, -anal (or is that -anol), and -anone are suffixes that are combined with the above prefixes. you can identify the chemical structure of these simple organic compounds by the way they are named.
- a very nice webpage on how organic compounds are named.
- the naming of more organic compounds from the same site
- how the aromatics are named (this is for later on in your course)
- a brief introduction to organic chemistry which is from this website: http://regentsprep.org/regents/chem/...rces/index.cfm
which you might want to bookmark and use as a resource for this course.
although it sounds like you don't have a required textbook for this course, don't you think that it would be a real good idea to get one?