I need 5 nursing interventions for the nursing diagnosis of Risk for Infection and the nursing outcome inreased knowledge about prevention and control of infection for a patient with a surgical wound. Can you help me? Would I look at just wellness interventions?
Sep 8, '09
I always use the keep it simple approach to the risk fors. What can YOU do to prevent infection in an open surgical wound? ASSESS for signs and symptoms to monitor for infection, bandages, sterile or at least antiseptic techniques, prophylaxis antibiotic administration before, during, or after surgery...
Sep 8, '09
The nursing interventions for any "Risk for" diagnosis need to be:
- strategies to prevent the problem from happening in the first place
- monitoring for the specific signs and symptoms of this problem
- reporting any symptoms that do occur to the doctor or other concerned professional
The most obvious outcome is not to have the infection occur. Other outcomes can be derived as predicted results of your nursing interventions. That keeps them specific to what you have going on with this patient.
Outcome/goal statements have four components:
- A behavior
- this is the desired patient response/action you expect to see/hear as a direct result of your nursing interventions.
- you must be able to observe the behavior
- It is measurable
- criteria that identifies exactly what you are measuring in terms of
- how much
- how long
- how far
- on what scale you are using
- Sets the conditions under which the behavior should occur
- such conditions as
- how frequently
- take into account the patient's overall state of health (this requires knowing the pathophysiology of their disease process)
- take into account the patient's ability to meet the goals you are recommending
- it is a good idea to get the patient's agreement to meet the intended goal so both the nurse and the patient are working toward the same goal
- have a realistic time frame for completing the goal
- long-term goals usually take weeks or months
- short-term goals can take as little time as a day
- it all depends on knowing what your nursing interventions are designed to do and what you believe your patient is capable of doing.