CO2 and chronic renal failure

  1. I'm trying to find the exact effect on the CO2. I know it decreases from the CRF and has something to do with oxy/venti but I can't quite get there. Can ya help?
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  2. 2 Comments

  3. by   Daytonite
    carbon dioxide is a necessary component of the carbonic acid-bicarbonate buffering system of the body. this is regulated through the lungs, kidneys and bone. carbon dioxide exists as either a volatile gas in the form of carbonic acid which is excreted through the lung, or as a nonvolatile acid which easily combines with the end products of the metabolism of protein, carbohydrate and fat to form organic acids. these organic acids are normally eliminated through the renal tubules. when the failing kidney can no longer excrete those organic acids, they build up in the body creating a situation called metabolic acidosis. the lungs will attempt to compensate by blowing off more volatile co2 gas.

    one of the jobs of the renal tubules is to regulate carbonic acid loss, a source of carbon dioxide. but, if the kidneys are failing, this mechanism is lost as the kidney's ability to regulate acid-base balance is snuffed out. any available co2 is being used up in the buffering of the end products of metabolism which the kidney can no longer excrete. this is all part of the process of the buffering systems of the body attempting to normalize the ph of the body. for this reason you will see decreased co2 levels in renal failure because (1) it is being eliminated by the lungs, and (2) it is being bound chemically into building up organic acids that the kidneys cannot excrete in an attempt to keep the body ph into a normal range.

    here is lab information on serum co2: http://www.labtestsonline.org/unders.../co2/test.html
  4. by   VickyRN
    Also, failing kidneys do not retain bicarbonate. Therefore the CO2 value (in the chem7) or the HCO3 value (in the ABG) will be below the norm of 22-26, signifying metabolic acidosis. Normally, when bicarbonate is needed to make the blood less acidic, the kidneys reabsorb it from the urine and put it back into the bloodstream.
    http://www.medicinenet.com/electrolytes/article.htm

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