What semester are you? What care plan book do you use? Care plans
are all about the patient assessment. What your patient needs.....what does you patient need when you look at your assessment. What else is important.....
14-year-old male is brought to the Emergency Department via ambulance with a report of the patient being found unresponsive. The report given by the Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) is that his mother came home and found him lying on the sofa unresponsive. He is noted to be a diabetic and gives himself his own medication. His mother told the EMT she was unsure when her son last took his medication
Blood pressure: 101/72mm Hg; heart rate: 123 beats per minute; respirations: 32 breaths per minute; oral temperature: 34.8oC; pulse oximetry: 100% on room air. His weight was approximately 65 kg. He responds to simple questions with moans, but is, in general, responsive only to very loud or painful stimuli. His oropharynx, demonstrates very dry mucous membranes. His respiratory pattern is that of rapid and deep breathing (Kussmaul breathing)
An intravenous infusion of normal saline was established and hydration was initiated at a rate of 200 cc/hr. A serum glucose determination (glucometer) was too high to read. A sample of the blood was sent to the lab for a definitive determination of the serum glucose level. He was given a bolus of 10 units of regular insulin IV while waiting for the lab results.
The results came back shortly thereafter, and showed an arterial blood gas pH of 6.92, CO2 of 9 and a bicarb of 2. The WBC count was 62.6 thousand (62,600), hemoglobin of 14.4 mg/dL, and hematocrit of 43.5%. His chemistry panel demonstrated a serum sodium of 127, potassium 5.2, chloride of 87, CO2 of less than 5, BUN of 32, creatinine 1.5, and a blood sugar of 88mmol/L. (moderator note: To convert mmol/L of glucose to mg/dL, multiply by 18.)
The serum ketones were positive at a dilution of 1:32. He was started on an infusion of regular insulin at 10 units per hour. Blood and urine cultures were sent to the lab. Antibiotics were administrated. His airway remained stable. His respiratory rate decreased. His vital signs stabilized. With hydration and insulin therapy as outlined above the patient showed an increased level of consciousness, was able to converse with his mother, and stated he was feeling "a little better". He was now able to tell us that he had not been taking his insulin "for a few days" and had been experiencing a mild cough.
He is admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit for further management. His intravenous fluids were adjusted to 160 cc/hr and the insulin infusion was decreased to 5 units/hr.
What else does this patient need Ashley has give you some good hints....