I know the terms HIM and HIT/HIS are sometimes used interchangeably but they are two very distinct professions. Both HIM and HIT/HIS professionals practice in the same environments - healthcare - hospitals, clinics, integrated delivery networks, home health agencies, physician practices, payors, providers, insurers.
Health Information Management professionals (otherwise known as Medical Records Professionals) primarily work with the medical record related to physically securing the paper records, organizing records and documents via the terminal digit order numbering system; medical terminology; coding of diagnoses and procedures for reimbursement and transcribing medical records and reports.
Directors or managers of hospital Medical Records departments can hold the position of HIPAA Privacy Officer although they may have no specific technical IT training related to security and computer information systems.
Accredited HIM programs are offered at colleges and universities at the associate, baccalaureate and Masters degree levels
HIM/Medical Records professionals usually belong to AHIMA - the Association of Health Information Management.
AHIMA also provides certification/credentials:
Registered Health Information Administrator (RHIA)
Registered Health Information Technician (RHIT)
Certified Coding Specialist (CCS) and Physician-based (CCS-P)
Certified Coding Associate (CCA)
Certified in Healthcare Privacy and Security (CHPS)
HIM/Medical Records professionals usually do not have any information systems or information technology specific technical skills, training or background.
I have never met an HIM professional who writes code or is a programmer. CIOs do not have medical records credentials. There are HIM analysts and HIM professionals who configure, test, design and implement HIM, coding and transcription systems that support the department of medical records/HIM dept. More common is the HIS/HIT analysts who configure, test, design and implement medical records depts, nursing, lab, pharmacy and other HIT/HIS applications/systems.
Degrees in HIT/HIS can range from the associate to the PhD level. Be purely technical (such as a programming degree or a degree in Computer Science or IS) or a mix of clinical such as a Masters in Nursing, Healthcare or Medical Informatics.
Titles/roles in HIT/HIS are numerous: Analyst, Systems Administrator, Network Administration, Clinical Analyst, Clinical Systems Analyst, Clinical Applications Analyst, Clinical Informatics Specialist, Programmer, CIO, Director/Assistant Director HIS, Director Clinical Informatics, Director IS/IT, Project Manager, Manager, CIS; PC, Support, PC Tech, Help Desk Analyst, Help Desk Support, Help Desk Staff, Director Medical Informatics, Trainer, Clinical Applications Trainer, Informatics Coordinator, etc, etc, etc
Certification in a particular subspecialty of informatics can be obtained via a college or university program, or on a national level such as NI certification from the ANA/ANCC or via the HIT professional organization - HIMSS - The Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society. Oh, and lets not forget Microsoft certifications and certifications obtained from the numerous different vendors that produce clinical apps.
If an HIT/HIS professional holds the title of HIPAA Privacy or Security Officer they usually have experience and a background in the technical aspects of systems and network security along with foundational knowledge in privacy and confidentially of medical records.
Medical Informatics is considered a subspecialty of Healthcare Informatics. HIT, HIS, Medical, Nursing, Pharmacy, Healthcare Informatics professionals' practice areas are not limited to just the electronic or paper medical record.
Those in this specialty usually have training and experience with multiple computerized/electronic systems and clinical applications such as EMRs/EHRs, CPOE, Bar code medication administration, Telehealth, project management, change management, process design/redesign, system design, testing, planning, implementation, standards development, downtime processes and procedures, interoperability, system integration, networks, etc
HIT professional’s roles primarily deal with the utilization of technology within healthcare to transform data into information into knowledge to improve clinical practice and patient care.
As far as how you would increase your "clinical background". I do not know how to advise you on this as you have never practiced as a clinician. Perhaps what you are looking for is to increase your knowledge of how healthcare works; how nursing and medicine are practiced from a business and operations stand point?? Since you have a degree in Business, perhaps what you are looking for is inceased knowledge related to the operations of a hospital or healthcare provider organization?? How hospitals, clinics and physician practices operate/run??
In addition: How these institutions operate in relationship to computer systems for business functions, billing, back office, reimbursement and claims transmission?
Quote from aspenice
I wanted to know what differences/similarites there are btw. health information managment and medical informatics?
I got into a HIM program and waiting to hear about a medical informatics program. I have a BS degree in Business-HR Management and no healthcare work experience. I am just wondering how I would fit into either area and what I can do to strengthen my clinical background. Just wanted to hear your opinions.
Thanks a lot!