The most important must know drugs for NCLEXRegister Today!
- by ogold May 9, '12ANALGESICS:
- Aspirin do not give together with other anticoagulants. Stop taking Aspirin some days before surgery. Do not give to children with viral infection(Reye syndrome)
NSAID’s e.g. Ibuprofen—Take with food; contraindicated for people with GI ulcers
- Morphine: A respiratory depressant. It should be withheld if the respirations are below 10
- Dilantin: Causes gum hyperplasia. Advice client to visit dentist frequently
ANTIINFLAMMATORY / STEROIDS
- Predisone: Causes Cushing like symptoms. Common side effects are immunosupression(monitor client for infection), hyperglycemia
- Heparin: Monitor pt’s lab work-PTT. Antidote is protamine sulfate
- Coumadin: Monitor pt’s lab work—PT. Antidote is Vitamin K
(8) Cogentin: Used to treat EPS
(9) Sinemet: Drug is effective when tremors are not observed
(10) Theophylline/Aminophylline: Side effects--Tachycardia
(11) Digoxin (Lanoxin): Signs of toxicity: Pt will complaint of visual change in colors. They would also complain of loss of appetite.
(12) Magnesium Sulfate: Monitor for deep tendon reflex and respiratory depression
(13) Hydrochlothiazide: Monitor potassium levels
(14) Lasix: Monitor potassium levels
(15) Aldactone: Potassium sparing
(16) Lithium Carbonate: Know therapeutic range (0.8 to 1.2mEq). Also know symptoms of toxicity. Adequate fluid and salt intake is important.
(17) MAOI inhibitors: Have dangerous food-drug interactions. Food with Tyramine should be avoided. For example: aged cheese, wine etc.
(18) Disulfiram (Antabuse): Used for alcohol aversion therapy. Clients started on Disulfiram must avoid any form of alcohol or they would develop a severe reaction. Teach pt to avoid some over-the-counter cough preparations, mouthwash etc.
(18) Oxytocin: Assess uterus frequently for tetanic contraction.
(19) Narcan: Reverses the effects of narcotics
(20) Calcium Gluconate: Antidote for magnesium sulfate
(21) Vitamin K: Antidote for Coumadin
Questions have been asked on NCLEX recently about the following drugs:
(22) Tegretol: side effects.
(23) Atropine: What checks do you do before giving this drug (BP.)
(24) Epogen: Used in treating anemia because it increases RBC production.
(25) Acyclovir: anti-viral medication used in treating shingles.
Last edit by Joe V on May 10, '12 : Reason: formatting for easier reading
- When a client is on antibiotics, teach the client to continue taking the medication even though they feel better
- Monitor client taking antibiotics such as Vancomycin for ototoxicity. Pt will complain of tinnitus, room spinning (vertigo) and nausea.
- Clients taking vasodilators e.g. Verapramil would complain of headache.
- May 9, '12 by boylibra2003Thank you.
- May 9, '12 by pink427Thanks!!!!!
- May 9, '12 by ogoldYou are welcome !!!
- May 9, '12 by nurse671Thanks
- May 9, '12 by Ashley, PICU RNIt's more important to know CLASSES of drugs, rather than specific ones. Drugs are constantly changing, and it's likely that you'll get medication questions about drugs that you've never heard of. NCLEX will give you the generic name, and the most common brand name. By the generic name, and the context of the question, you can usually break it down and figure out what kind of drug it is.
So don't worry too much about knowing individual drugs. Instead, study the classes.
For cardiac medication, the -olols (beta blockers: propranolol, atenolol) -prils (ACE-inhibitors: captopril, enalapril) -pines (Calcium channel blockers: Nifedipine) -ides (diuretics: Furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide)
Know the classes especially for cardiac medications, antibiotics, anti-emetics, anti-coagulants, analgesics and psychiatric medications: those are used more frequently. Don't forget about the psych meds- those questions actually come up quite frequently.
The medications within a certain class will have the similar actions, side effects, and precautions. It's really unlikely you'll get a question about a drug as common as Ibuprofen on the NCLEX. But you might see a drug like Ketoprofen or Ketorolac on the test. You might not be familiar with them, but if you know that the -profens and -lacs are NSAIDs and you've reviewed NSAIDs, you'll be able to answer the question.
It is helpful to know the differences between Warfarin and Heparin, the antidotes (and what foods contain Vitamin K) as well as the lab values that they effect.
- May 10, '12 by Juniper248thank you so much!!!
- May 10, '12 by jyoti..thanks ///////////
- May 14, '12 by cupcake8thank you for the info.
- May 14, '12 by Amy'sGrandbabyFantastic work...Thank you