If you are looking for English colleges you can go to Varnier or Dawson or John Abbot (colleges are called CEGEP here). You can also easily Google CEGEP for French speaking ones. Most have the winter break schedules posted. You will have to apply for the equivalent of a student visa and, as has been said and bears repeating, you will pay big bucks whereas you cold get a similar inexpensive education in a US community college.
Personally I would advise against your plan and I say this having attended a US community college, a US university, then passed the NCLEX and then the Quebec OIIQ test, both within the last couple of years.
The Quebec CEGEPs require 3 years of attendance. You could do two years at a US community college and then enter a US accelerated university BSN program for 18 months which would make you eligible for higher pay in either country for only an extra 6 months of study.
I found the NCLEX multiple choice test challenging even though it only lasted 2 hours and I passed it the first time. The Quebec equivalent lasts two days (one day of hands on clinical and one day of short answer questions). However I found it substaintially easier and also passed it on the first try. A significant number of my colleagues educated here fail it though, and it appears to me that they have not been taught the depth of knowledge that I have learned in the USA. It surprises me, considering that here the colleges tend to dedicate a one semester class to teaching students how to succeed in taking the test. There were no such classes in the USA for NCLEX unless you want to enroll for a private tutoring service.
Basically I went from difficult to easy, but if you were to get your degree here, you would have to go back to the states to pass the NCLEX, whichi is the hard part. Why not just work here, you may ask? Well, that opens an immigration can of worms. Americans cannot just immigrate to Canada/Quebec. You have to go through a lengthy process that can take a couple of years and lots of paperwork. Only people in specific labor shortage categories (such as nursing) get qualified, but I don't know if you qualify without a BSN. Plenty of doctors from other countries qualify to come here and Americans get no particular immigration priority except that the English documents do not need to be translated.
Also be warned that this is NOT France. Most of the people may speak a version of French (some of which you will not understand when it is spoken) but attitudes are much different. Despite official pretense of brotherhood, the French and Quebecers frequently criticize each other at an individual level. A French friend of mine came last year and could not put up with the people here. She moved to Toronto. Sarkosy last year said "Quebecers are our brothers, but Canadians are our friends." You can put any spin you want on that, but to me it refers that we don't get to choose our brothers and have to put up with them, but we do get to choose our friends.
A couple of more points on the finances should be pointed out. The Quebec nursing exam costs twice has much as the NCLEX (those actors pretending to have illnesses need to be paid) and the yearly license fee is 10 times as much in Quebec as in the US state where I am also licensed.