Numerical Pain assessment tool

  1. Can someone please tell me:

    Who originally devised Numerical Pain assessment tool please?

    Thankyou in advance.
  2. Visit paris2 profile page

    About paris2

    Joined: Aug '04; Posts: 119; Likes: 5


  3. by   Fonenurse
    I have found the following link helpful. It gives the following reference

    McCaffery, M., & Beebe, A. (1993). Pain: Clinical Manual for Nursing Practice. Baltimore: V.V. Mosby Company.