For pushups I worked on it in basic by at night they had a mirror that was perfect level with your shoulders when you were in the down position. Try to put a cheap mirror up that if your in the down position your shoulders will be flat, and your butt down but not bent down but perfectly aligned. Go to the gym and look at the mirrors your body needs to be one straight fluid movements. Do over 22, thats usually the minimum. Then work on 25 super straight while looking in the mirror. You need to keep your head aligned with spine do no look at ground. You will perfect your sit up this way no close hands or far when taking pt test. You can bend up or down to relax but no knees or ground or lifting up your hand. Or you will be disqualified. You can move hands or feet by SLIDING them. Your situp, you must interlock or at least touch fingers behind head. If you unlock them you can be disqualified they only count when you go back down and lower back hits ground, not in up position. So if your on your last one immediately hit back to the ground, don't finish it upright.
I have had the PT patch since 02. I always get the maximum so trust me this works. You can work on you situps by actually working your hip flexors too since situps do not work your abs. Try doing hip raises or look online for exercises that work this, or go to your local gym. Push ups can be worked on by doing push ups but military presses can help too. If you want to work on close hand then work out your pectorals. They will do this during PT time, which is usually more than 3-4 times a week. You do not want to be in remedial PT. Plus as an officer if you fail it looks REALLY bad to your soldiers.
Oh yea if you are over the weight requirement for your sex and age you WILL be taped. You can get flagged (it means that you can not get special treatment like go to school, have personal leave, basically some freedoms will be withdrawn) for failing PT test and/or weight. When you are taped because your over there maximum if your BF% is over theres you will be flagged. Even if your MUSCULAR I have seen people who weight train fail because its a TAPE measure not calipers. They could have technically 5% body fat but the tape says they have 24%. I know the Army is really oldschool with the weight requirements and tape measure. At gyms they don't even use that anymore, calipers are more accurate then tape but its still is not that accurate.
So if your over 10-15lbs of your max weight, try to lose weight or tone up so your muscle isn't bulky but more lengthy. You can call the recruiter or search online for weight requirements.
If you pass your PT test but fail weight you are flagged and put on the Army Weight Control Program. If you fail your PT test but pass weight you are still flagged. So it is best to PASS both.
If you want the PT Patch like I had just max or get over 290 on the PT test. I never wore the Patch only had it sewn on one uniform, but you can sew it on your PT's. Also, there are running groups in formation A-D, I was in A or B depend on how I felt that morning LOL. But A is the fastest about 6-7 min mile. B was about 7-7.45. C was about 8-9 and D was usually 9. Could be faster...on C or D don't know cause never ran with them.
P.S. DO not train on treadmile...Army DOES not run on a treadmile find a track. Army runs on concrete, but a track is better on your feet and knees. You need the experience of running outdoors. Even if its cold outside run...Army saying...if it ain't raining we ain't training...
You will run in cold, or rain.
Most of the time PT Test is in the rain...I have no idea why LOL.
Try in the morning or late afternoon...PT starts at 0615-0630 in the Army so if you want to get used to Regular Army try running at those times.