I wouldn't worry too much about medical terminology
because you'll be able to look up terms you're not familiar with in the Tabers. Microbiology...hmmm. I would say don't pay too much attention to that either because there's a whole chapter in the nursing textbook on infection control and its all very basic micro.
All the other subjects you mentioned will come up again and again. Basic psychology will come up again in growth and development. At each stage of the program, you will be expected to know what behaviors to anticipate from specific groups of people during nursing assessments and interventions, and when you do the psych course you'll get into it at a more advanced level. You'll need very basic algebra skills when you get to medication administration because you'll be expected to correctly calculate dosages of the medications you're going to give. Basic A&P you'll need for the preliminary chapters on cardio/respiratory, digestion, elimination, etc. The real A&P doesn't actually hit until you get into the med-surg courses, and at that point its going to be more about pathophysiology than about the names of bones and muscles.
I would say that chemistry is the biggest one. Fluids and lytes and acid-base imbalances are probably the topics that come up the most. But, for the first nursing course, you're going to focus more on nursing processes than on anything else. The bulk of that first course is on very basic things like safety, infection control, bedmaking, hygiene, mobility, comfort, and the like.