Quote from karine2
hey this is my first time posting!!! sooo glad i found this site and can't wait til i got a minute to read through the intersting posts i see!
but i'm running on desparate fumes here working on an assignment and need to know a good explantion/defintion of what carper's ways of knowing (personal, empirical, aesthetic, ehtical) are for an assignemtn i'm doing this weekend. i have found alot of article abstracts online but then you need to buy the full text which of course i cannot do so thought i'd check with you guys.
these are drilled into us!
in a nutshell:
empirical is the scientific knowledge.
personal is what you know from lived experiences.
aesthetical is related to creativity.
ethical is dealing w/ issues that there is no black/white answer. need to consider society, norms, moral issues, legal, etc.
carper's theory is that you bring all of these into the nursing process in caring for the pt.
hope this helps. as i said - a nutshell.