i used to make pages for each medical disease that included the signs and symptoms as well as the medical treatment, including the drugs usually ordered. i would list these in a column. in the column next to all these things i would list the nursing interventions that applied. what you will come to find is that some of the same symptoms apply to other medical diseases as well. therefore, the nursing interventions for those symptoms are also the same. you start to begin to see a lot of similarity in how you take care of patients this way. you also begin to see how just one or two symptoms is what distinguishes one medical disease from another within the same body system. anything on one particular disease that really stood out i would circle in red ink to draw my attention to it.
for nclex style questions, you need to know all the above things plus the nursing process. to answer nclex style application questions you need to assess the situation you are given as to where it lies in the nursing process first. then, you can begin to figure out what the next step you should be taking should be based on knowledge of the disease, normal treatment and patient response and the information you have been given in the question.
one of the best websites where you can get disease and treatment information in nice concise lists is here:
family practice notebook (use search box) http://www.fpnotebook.com/index.htm
you're on your own to find the nursing interventions! you should be able to define and state the steps of the nursing process in your sleep. however, if you can't, you will find it in your nursing textbook or the first chapter(s) of any care plan book.
- the nursing process - a short introductory tutorial of what the nursing process is