Within the scope of practice
- 0Aug 15, '10 by GRUNGEI tried posting this before but there was a lot of confusion. Ill be more detailed this time. I am a new nurse work on a rehabilitation unit and we do not see many tracheostomies. Our doctor has written an order for the tracheostomie tube to be discontinued. None of the nurses on the floor including me do not want to remove it ourselves but the doctor who is here m-f 9-5 keeps insisting we remove it ourselves. I think that it might be beyond our scope of practice. Is it within a nurses scope of practice to discontinue a tracheostomie tube.
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- 9Nurses in post op recoveries and ICUs remove endotracheal tubes. Nurses in subacutes remove and replace trachs. I have not heard of a state forbidding this but I have heard of facilities restricting the procedure to different professionals if they are available.
Are there RTs anywhere in this facility? Who is responsible for that trach for care? Who is responsible for the routine changes? Who is responsible for emergent situations such as decannulations, blown cuff and plugging of a single cannula trach? Do you keep a spare trach and a tracheal ring hook at bedside or nearby? These should not be 911 calls unless the patient has become distressed or suffered other consequences before a trach is replaced. If you accept trachs at your facility you should have a P&P to cover them. The next step would be, do you know what to do after the trach is pulled? The care of the stoma? Recognizing that it was not time to pull or other complications.
Pulling a trach is generally not a big deal unless you don't know what to expect or when to expect the unexpected. Some trachs that have cuffs are very difficult to remove. Some trachs that have fenestrations may have tissue growth attached to the tracheal wall which results in some bleeding and pain. But, over all it is not a complex procedure but you should read the P&P first and if there is not another nurse in the whole unit that can advise you, be honest with the physician. He should not be thought of as lazy for a procedure that should be covered by your staff is there is no other personnel available and he should also know for the safety of his patient if the staff is not familiar with trachs so he can defer accepting another one until the staff is adequately prepared. A sentinel event is a bad time to prompt an inservice or have your accrediting agency find out there are some missing pieces in your P&P or training for this level of care.
There is also a saying for airways, "Don't pull out what you or someone near you can not put back in".
- 5Aug 15, '10 by clemmm78whether it is within the scope or practice doesn't seem to be the important thing here. It is if any of you have ever done it before and/or are competent to do it. For one, I would not as it has been 20 years since I worked with trachs, so I could not do it - even if I am technically allowed.
- 0Aug 15, '10 by Hospice Nurse LPNQuote from clemmm78whether it is within the scope or practice doesn't seem to be the important thing here. It is if any of you have ever done it before and/or are competent to do it. For one, I would not as it has been 20 years since I worked with trachs, so I could not do it - even if I am technically allowed.
I so agree! Even if something is in the scope of your practice, you must be trained before jumping in.
- 4Aug 15, '10 by GHGoonetteQuote from clemmm78Dead right, it's like asking your husband to fix the plumbing...whether it is within the scope or practice doesn't seem to be the important thing here. It is if any of you have ever done it before and/or are competent to do it. For one, I would not as it has been 20 years since I worked with trachs, so I could not do it - even if I am technically allowed.
- 0However, if you are taking care of a trach patient and assuming the responsibility for that airway, you should already have been prepared with some of these questions asked and answered. Who did the weaning assessment and trials? Who did the trach care? What emergency procedures were you inserviced on? This is not an "what if situation" since someone or many someones have already been accepting care for a patient that may be out of their training and comfort zone. This is no longer a "what if" but rather a situation where the appropriate ongoing care of an artificial airway has not been addressed. Since this is stated to be a rehab facility, it is usually the goal of that patient to be decannulated or at least evaluated for decannulation once in the rehab program which should have been addressed in the initial care plan. Your brochures advertising your facility may even boast this since it is a big part of a patient's rehab even if you do it infrequently. Thus, you should know your responsibilities on that unit and there should be a senior staff member to advise you since your post indicates there have been other trachs.Last edit by GreyGull on Aug 15, '10
- 0Aug 15, '10 by netglowOP, do not succumb to pressure. Do not do it. It's hard to think how simple your decision is when you get pressure from the doc. This when he sees that you guys are not feeling comfortable with it. There is a reason he is not doing it himself. It's the same reason you should not do it.
This is a serious issue that your management needs to address. They need to handle the problem at hand by getting someone who can do it for this situation, and then to get everyone up to speed with supervised training.
- 0Aug 15, '10 by Zookeeper3No, I'm seeing this from a different standpoint. Unfortunately, this is not common, it's an airway and you're rightfully worried and I respect that about your practice.
The stoma (hole where the trach is), by now is patent, you have an airway to suction if needed. Should some crazy thing happen and the stoma suddenly closes (which it will not, I promise)... you insert a nasopharageal airway. Suction through that.
A patient at this point is only getting suctioned about every 4 or more hours, has the ability to expectorate their secretions on their own and is ready to progress!!!! That's wonderful.
They have already have the trach capped, maybe a pasey miur valve to speak and they are ready to have the stoma covered with a 4x4 and recover to the next step.
Unless you are suctioning frequently... it is SAFE. You can always pass a thin suction catheter through the stoma to clear secretions.... you don't need Resperatory at the bedside waiting to intubate... they are stable, and you have not one, but TWO airways, the stoma hole and NT suction.
This is not a check off, this is not a BON cert. Just pull the tube, suction prior and monitor. I promise it's that simple. If you work nights and there is no back up, and no one, no one on your unit has ever done it, I understand. But pulling a trach is simply deflating the cuff and pulling down like you change an innercannula.
I understand your worry, but others here may have led you astray. Just my humble food for thought. Take it for what it's worth.
- 0Quote from 2ndwindI disagree it is the doctor who is feeling uncomfortable about pulling a trach. He may just believe this is a common part of your practice which is why a trach patient is sent to rehab. Some rehab facilities decannulate 2 - 3 patient per week.OP, do not succumb to pressure. Do not do it. It's hard to think how simple your decision is when you get pressure from the doc. This when he sees that you guys are not feeling comfortable with it. There is a reason he is not doing it himself. It's the same reason you should not do it.
Quote from 2ndwindIf they want to remain in the rehab business, this is a must.This is a serious issue that your management needs to address. They need to handle the problem at hand by getting someone who can do it for this situation, and then to get everyone up to speed with supervised training.
To the OP:
Does this facility have a CARF accreditation?