NASA today employs numerous occupational health and aerospace nurses who care for astronauts, their families, and other space program employees.2 Its RNs also contribute to research activities.
If astronauts someday land on Mars, they’ll be exposed to microgravity and radiation for extended periods. That’s where today’s nurses can be of great help — by researching ways to protect astronauts from radiation sickness. They might also study the health effects of microgravity, which has been found to decondition the cardiovascular system, alter sensory and neurological systems and immune function, and cause bone loss, muscle atrophy, and respiratory changes.3
And if the moon indeed becomes a launch pad to the outer planets, health providers will be needed on board to care for astronauts and conduct research on the health implications of living in space. Nurses could be an integral part of this effort. - Nursing Spectrum- Career Fitness Online
I think one day people will live on the Moon and on Mars. People will need nursing care. For now the Iternationsl Space Station has people trained as paramedics in contact with a physician and/or MICN at all times. The shuttle would ambulance a patient to Earth ASAP if needed.
There is the Space Nursing Society with an interesting newsletter: The Space Nursing Society
Dee O'Hara, First Nurse to NASA's First Astronauts - :: NASA Quest > Archives ::