Author: Joseph Garcia Stafrace C.G.N (England)
Basic aspects of enema administration are proper positioning of the patient, optimal volume of enema solution, infusion rate, and experience needed by the person giving the enema. Due to the atonomical situation of the rectum and sigmoid area, the left lateral position with a bit of head tilt, (trendelenburg position) is the ideal position. The pre- procedural digital examination is fundamental to check for stool and determine if the patient has fecal impaction, haemorrhoids, fishers, polyps, fistulas, rectal prolapse or any other abnormal external pathology. Special consideration must be given to patients having pelvic radiation (fragile rectal tissue and radiation protitis increase the risk of perforation), or patients in ITU or CCU due to tension exacerbation and other cardiopulmonary problems from lying flat for the enema. Pediatric patients are in a class of their own from all aspects, even the psychological point. Pre-procedural digital examination should be standard; it`s your passport to a safe journey within.
From CB Fleet Enema Company: RE Fleets enemas
Professional Use Warnings:
Do not use in patients with congenital megacolon, bowel obstruction, imperforate anus, or congestive heart failure. Use with caution in patients with impaired renal function, pre-existing electrolyte disturbances or a colostomy, or in patients on diuretics or other medications that may affect electrolyte levels, as hypocalcemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypernatremia, or acidosis may occur.
Left side position:
Lie on left side with knee bent, and arms resting comfortably.
Kneel, then lower head and chest forward until left side of face is resting on surface with left arm folded comfortably. http://www.cbfleet.com/pass2/prod_la...emas_enema.htm
Enema Administration + Constipation managment in Narcotic Induced Constipation--includes Milk and Molasses enema mixture http://www.texascancercouncil.org/gf...e_effects.html