taditionally health care has been base on theroies that are single dementional and basically say you either have symptoms and there fore lack health or you are healthy. The medical model of health care is based on this.
The medical model looks at systems seperate from the individual (" the gallbaldder in room 301") You go to the doctor and he treats you for your gall baldder disease. Never looking at the fact there are other tings going on here. What complex set of things lead to the disease, what will you have to deal with in other parts of you life and health because of this. Sergeons are especially prone to isolate single systems or oragans and ignore everything else. A holistic approach is more likely to be taken by nurses (yea, nurses!!
) that takes in the whole picture of the patient with his psychosocial, spiritual, cultural, physical (whole physical body) his famly and community into the picture. A simple gallbalder conditions does not happen in isolation of these other factors but is a manifestation that result from the influences of all of these, and as important, and inturn effect these other things as well. This is a very over simplified example but maby the gall baldder problem has been so debilitating that this client can't care for his children and is contemplating suiside because he has no insurance and his cultural or relighious or famlily upbringing says he is worthless if he can't care for them. Or maby the guy saw something on TV that is influencing him. (TV is part of culture)
Nothing is simple in human life. and Holistic care recognized and respects this.