The Ackley and Ladwig book that people are mentioning is a nursing diagnosis book
If you want to get an idea of how any care plan book is structured go to a site such as Barnes and Noble where you can sometimes get a look at the Table of Contents for these books. You will find that care plan books are organized in one of two ways: by nursing diagnosis, or by medical diagnosis. I think what you are looking for is one by medical diagnosis. The ones by nursing diagnosis work much better for nursing students. I found, however, when I was in clinical practice that the books structured by medical diagnosis worked much better for me.
For care plans
by medical diagnosis look at the ones by
Lynda Juall Carpenito-Moyet: Nursing Diagnosis, Application to Clinical Practice, Vol. II
, 2005 printing. Runs about $49.95. Another is Nursing Care Plans: Guidelines for Individualizing Client Care Across the Life Span
by Marilynn E. Doenges, Mary Frances Moorhouse and Alice C. Muir. Both of these books have care plans by medical diagnoses. I used Carpenito's book for years. Carpenito uses NANDA nursing diagnoses following NANDA guidelines to the letter. She has been a member of NANDA for years. Doenges' is a bit more free-handed with her care plans and the wording of some of the nursing diagnoses she uses although she also follows NANDA rules.