The Clinical Performance in Nursing Exam (CPNE): what the heck is this madness?!
After writing an overview of EC's ADN program in early 2013, I thought I'd shed some light on the most daunting part of this program: the Clinical Performance in Nursing Exam (CPNE). This is arguably the most challenging part of becoming an RN "the EC way." Often incorrectly billed as a "2.5-day skills check-off," passing the CPNE can be stressful and difficult because it is far more involved than a mere check-off. Often the worst part of the CPNE is the unknown, coupled with the "I heard this" and "I heard that" rumor mill. So here is some legit info on the CPNE, with some opinion thrown in, because hey, I gotta be me.
So what is this exam?
The CPNE is a rigorous 2.5-day exam consisting of four timed lab stations on the first night (Friday), then a minimum of three Patient Care Scenarios (PCSs) on Saturday and Sunday, during which masters- or doctorate-prepared nurses evaluate our ability to formulate , carry out assigned areas of care, and evaluate and document everything in a total of 2.5 hours using actual hospitalized patients who have agreed to have student nurses. The Clinical Associate (CA) oversees the testing and is in charge of the Clinical Examiners (CEs) who oversee the students. We are assigned a minimum of two adult patients and one pediatric patient for the PCSs, though some hospitals with a low pediatric census may substitute an adult patient for the pediatric patient (but don't count on this!). During the CPNE weekend you can fail and repeat each lab station once, as well as fail and repeat one adult and one pediatric PCS.
Where do you go to take the CPNE?
Excelsior's CPNE test sites are located in hospitals in Georgia, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Wisconsin, and Texas. Generally speaking, students who apply to test at the NY sites seem to get a date the fastest, and this is likely because there are more sites in NY than anywhere else.
The sites are split up between regions, into what they call RPACs-regional performance assessment centers. The Midwestern Performance Assessment Center (MPAC) includes Wisconsin and Texas (three sites total). The Northern Performance Assessment Center (NPAC) is the NY and Pennsylvania sites (six sites total). Finally the Southern Performance Assessment Center (SPAC) oversees the Georgia sites (four sites total, one of which doesn't hold the CPNE every weekend). You can only apply to test in one RPAC at a time, but you can apply to test at multiple sites within each RPAC. If there's one particular site you want, you can choose only that location, but with the realization that it might slow you down in terms of getting a date.
I applied to the one Ohio site-Mansfield-because it was within driving distance for me. I didn't take a cancellation date, so it took me about seven months from application to actually being at my CPNE. I needed that time, though-I used it to finish Micro and two CLEPs, then to study for the CPNE. Mansfield closed as a site a few years ago.
Enrolled students with a login can access information on all the CPNE sites: Excelsior College
Just a personal take on "which site is the best"-first, whether a person passes or fails at a site is seriously going to color his/her perception of the site. How could it not? This is an intense exam that usually requires life-consuming focus for preparation, and when someone pours that much into an endeavor that isn't successful, there is bound to be some negativity. My advice: pick a site and focus on YOUR preparation. Don't listen to the reasons Fred chose Utica, or the reasons Mary won't go to Wisconsin. I can tell that during my time around Excelsior students on various message boards, I've seen some sites go from being evil pits of despair to being the golden ticket, then back again. For every site, you will hear both good and bad, usually depending on how a student fared there. When I arrived at my CPNE site, I merrily logged on to the old EC electronic peer network (EPN) to let people know I'd arrived safely and was ready to go get that GN. One of the first posts I saw was from someone bashing Mansfield because they'd failed there the previous weekend; the post said the CA and CEs were horrible, the site was unfair, no one would ever pass there, and on and on. I thought I might vomit. But I knew that I was going to be successful because I would allow no other option, no other thinking. So yes, maybe people should stay off of websites around the time of the CPNE, but the EPN and Allnurses were big support systems for me, and I needed that more than I needed to NOT read angry spewing about my site (where I was, indeed, successful on my first CPNE attempt).
The flow of the exam
That first evening are the four lab timed stations: calculating and administering an IM or SQ injection (you'll get one or the other, you don't know which), calculating and performing an IV push, IV piggyback (calculating and setting a gravity drip), and packing a wound with perfect aseptic technique. If you fail any of these lab stations, you can repeat them one time (before being sent home with a failure) the next day, after you take care of your patients for your first PCSs.
The length of each day depends on how you do. For the labs, we met in the hospital lobby at 1615 on Friday and were done by about 2000, and there were five of us testing. There is some administrative blah-blah-blah before the labs, including positively identifying the students (bring your ID!) and reading the students the mandatory EC script.
For days 2 and 3, you'll have a max of two PCSs on Saturday and a max of three on Sunday (but at least one). On Saturday, you'll also have the opportunity to repeat any labs you may have failed, which is done after the Saturday PCSs. Depending on the number of labs, you might be there late into the afternoon. Sunday you can get out pretty early if you don't have to repeat a PCS. If you end up having to do more than one PCS on Sunday, you can bet you'll be there until late afternoon.
I know that the PCS failure thing can get kind of confusing, as can the mix of people who make it to Sunday and those who don't, or those who have to do five PCSs to pass, that kind of thing. Let me give you a couple of scenarios.
Frankie is assigned an adult PCS and a pediatric PCS on Saturday. He fails both. Can he come back Sunday and still pass? Yes! But he will have to pass two adult PCSs and one pediatric PCS on Sunday, for a total of five PCS attempts. He just used up his adult and pediatric fails on Saturday, that's all. I have seen people do this and still emerge victorious!
Charlie is assigned two adult PCSs on Saturday. He fails both. Can he come back Sunday and still pass? No! He used up both adult chances on Saturday, leaving him with no more opportunities to pass an adult PCS. He goes home Saturday.
Natalia is assigned two adult PCSs on Saturday. She passes both. She then fails her IVP lab repeat because she throws her syringe in the trash instead of the sharps container. Can she come back Sunday and still pass? No, because she failed her repeat lab. She goes home Saturday.
So what's the big deal?
The CPNE isn't really a test of skills; it is basic and basic management. Nothing too fancy! They want to see that you can provide safe care to patients. The entire nature of the program is predicated on the students being healthcare providers already, or having gone through more than 50% of a traditional nursing program's clinicals. Beyond writing careplans, there really wasn't much foreign material for me at the CPNE, and I came into the program as a paramedic.
For the PCSs, as stated, you must pass two adult and one pediatric PCS. For each PCS, you have 2.5 hours to formulate a careplan with two nursing diagnoses, carry out your selected interventions related to your careplan goals while also performing selected and required areas of care, and then documenting the whole thing without missing a critical element. You are not asked to do anything terribly invasive. It's a test of basic concepts like time management and prioritization. Your patient isn't in a bubble during those 2.5 hours-docs will come in, family members, PT/OT, x-ray, etc., so time management really is a factor.
Overriding and required areas of care include demonstrating caring, ensuring physical safety at all times, not placing the patient in emotional jeopardy, evaluating mobility, checking a set of vitals to include manual BPs that must be within a few points of what the clinical examiner gets (you're using a double-headed teaching stethoscope for BPs, apical pulses, lung sounds, etc.), and fluid management (checking IV sites, infusing fluids, etc.).
Assigned areas of care (most students get 3 or 4 of these assigned) include things like peripheral vascular assessments, neuro assessments, abdominal assessments, respiratory assessments, respiratory management, O2 management, comfort management, pain management, skin assessment, musculoskeletal management, specimen collection, irrigation, enteral feeding, wound management, medication management, and patient teaching. After all that, everything has to be documented perfectly, and students evaluate the effectiveness of their careplans in writing and choose a priority nursing diagnosis, supported by a rationale.
As I said, you can fail one adult PCS and one pediatric PCS, and repeat those once each before you're sent home without that coveted "pass." In your documentation, if you exclude anything from that area of care that Excelsior designates as a critical element, it's a point of failure. If at any time you place the patient in emotional or physical jeopardy, you fail. Failure while in the room is usually signaled by the CE stating, "I need you to step into the hallway with me." (When I heard those words it didn't occur to me that I had failed that PCS, I thought, "Hmmm, I wonder what she wants!" Hahaha. DUH!)
Why do people fail?
It's usually the little things that get most people. For example, I didn't ID my patient properly in what should have been my last PCS-oops! I asked the patient's name, but failed to compare her armband with the Kardex and ID her by two identifiers, because I lost focus when the patient started in to a litany of complaints.
Other reasons people fail: leaving required parts of the documentation form blank, forgetting to aspirate during the IVP station, breaking sterile technique on the wound, throwing syringes in the trash in the labs, drawing up the wrong amount of meds, forgetting to roll insulin, running out of time on the labs, and on and on. The little things.
The CPNE is all basic stuff, but in a nerve-wracking framework. Students have a total of three (rather expensive) chances to be successful at the CPNE, after which they are dismissed from the program. It's a lot of pressure to have hanging over one's head, especially if you tell everyone you know that you're going (like I did), and you have an RN job waiting for you based on the outcome (like I did).
Is it fair?
Are there things about the CPNE that are not fair? Surely there are; the nature of the exam is very subjective. The CA is human. The CEs are human. The patients are human. We are SUBLIMELY human. The CPNE is not human, it is a framework in which we have to be so very human while functioning exceptionally/perfectly while under extreme stress. Even more than five years later, I don't quite know how I feel about the CPNE-it hurts my heart to see others fail, but I know that the CPNE is a necessary part of this program. I came out of my CPNE not liking it, but surely respecting it.
I know how awful it can feel to nearly fail the CPNE-been there, done that, burned the t-shirt. After failing what should have been my final PCS in the first 20 minutes on Sunday, I paced a hallway for two hours, waiting for a CE to be available for my final, do-or-die PCS, and I paced so much I wore holes in my heels and bled through my socks and onto my white shoes (stupid Keds). I was terrified they wouldn't let me attempt the final PCS because I was bleeding, I completely skipped over "blistered" and went straight for "open wound."
With all that being said, I felt my exam was very fair. Did I fail an adult PCS? You betcha! All by myself, I did, with the bonehead omission of properly identifying my patient in the first few minutes I was in the room. I could blame the CE because she was obviously new and nervous and weirdly timid, or I could blame the patient because she was cranky and gruff and obviously wanting to stir the pot and cause trouble for the poor little nursing student the minute I walked in. I could say that the planning process started poorly, with the primary nurse not being able to give me vital sign parameters for which I'd hold the patient's dose of Digoxin (yes, really), once we were able to even LOCATE said primary nurse, all of which ate into my planning time greatly. All these things that I didn't even bother to put into my journal; they rattled me, surely, but the failure was MINE, and I owned it, I claimed it, I knew it.
All of us at Mansfield made it to the third day, with the exception of the student who failed all 4 labs on Friday night and just didn't show up Saturday morning; I'm not really counting her in this, because she gave up before she even really failed. The only other person who failed that weekend failed on Sunday, after this person made what they themselves called a "stupid error," and then failed a second PCS for physical jeopardy involving a tube feeding and lowering the head of the bed. This person was VERY angry and told me in the hallway (as I paced and bled) that if I failed my final attempt, I should retest elsewhere because Mansfield wasn't fair. I disagreed, told this person that I FAILED all by myself, said I planned to be successful that afternoon, and I turned and walked away because I couldn't be sucked into the negativity at that point (and I needed to do more pacing, more bleeding, ha ha). And in that moment, I realized I'd get this person's CE for my final PCS ... and she was the CE I feared the most, because she was utterly straight-face, robot-like, and thus intimidating (but strangely enough, exactly my height! LOL). But this CE showed me her human face for an instant during my PCS as she smiled and stroked the cheek of my demented 90-year-old patient, and I knew in that moment that I could pass this final PCS. And so I did.
Let me explain ... no, there is too much. Let me sum up.
Hope that helps give you some idea of what the CPNE entails. For those of you preparing, good luck! You can do this. It's not impossible. For those of you considering Excelsior, just be aware that this can be a difficult end to what is often a long journey. I recently saw some Facebook comments to the effect of "If I'd really known what the CPNE was like, I would have gone to a traditional program." I think they were only half kidding!Last edit by Pixie.RN on Apr 5, '16
About Pixie.RN, MSN, RN, EMT-P Senior Moderator
Pixie.RN: a short green-eyed redhead, very tattooed, Emergency/Trauma Nurse, former CPT/66T (Army). Avid reader, addicted to good shoes, allnurses, and her Android smartphone.
Joined: Aug '05; Posts: 16,658; Likes: 13,678Oct 20, '13Congrats on your article!!!
This will answer so many questions about the CPNE.
I think the optimal words here are "rigorous" & "not impossible".Oct 20, '13This will be my second time, two weeks it'll be said and done.
I own my failure, I didn't take the time to take care of me. I have an anxiety/panic disorder (thank you hormones/heredity) and it controlled me that weekend.
A simple 'please help' to the doctor and I would have done this August 2012. I knew my stuff, I just couldn't actually DO it.
Like the person who failed the labs at your CPNE, I did the same. But, I went back to the motel and had a full on panic attack that had me incapable of functioning. I was worried how I would drive the 6+ hours back home and couldn't until Sunday.
The panic continued when I got back home, and continues to this day. I am under MD care, have medicine that controls it. So I see no reason to give up and not try again.
The CPNE is as fair as any clinical or lab in any other nursing school. I felt the same nerves in LPN school, I just was able work past them. The CA was so concerned over my anxiety she actually pulled me aside to speak nicely to me. The CEs never seemed mean, in fact they were very, very much on the students side. It was all me, I let my anxiety/panic go unchecked. In no way was the CPNE, CA, or CEs responsible for my failure.
Thanks LunahRN for your supportive, positive posts concerning the CPNE and Excelsior. I feel my education has been quite excellent and 'rigorous' but fair.Oct 20, '13Quote from LunahRN"Buttercup is marrying Humperdink in little less than half an hour..."Let me explain ... no, there is too much. Let me sum up.
Excellent article, Lunah. Extra extra points for the Princess Bride quote.Oct 20, '13Quote from lpn20rnsoonGood for you!!! Go get it done! I'm glad you're going back again. Man, did our hearts break for that girl that left after failing the labs on our weekend. She just didn't show up the next morning and the CA called the hotel and found out she'd checked out the night before. As we were waiting for labs on Friday night, that girl told us that she had taken it as a last-minute cancellation date and had driven 15+ hours to get there. I just don't think she was really prepared, it sounded like she was kind of like, sure, why not? when EC offered her the date. I have always hoped somewhere in the back of my brain that she went back for another try and passed. I did find out that the person that failed on Sunday went back for a third try and was successful, so that was awesome.This will be my second time, two weeks it'll be said and done.Oct 20, '13Quote from KaLynRNNo, this is part of the curriculum for Excelsior College's LPN/medic/resp therapist to ASN program. Last nursing requirement before graduationWhat is this for? Is this part of the NCLECX?Oct 20, '13Thank you LunahRN this article gave me heart palpitations.. anticipating what will happen one day lol. I have only completed one exam successfully, but this article is exactly what I needed to give me more motivation to continue. The CPNE does not seem that scary anymore. Once I get a little closer to that time I will have to read this article again as a reminder.Oct 20, '13Excellent article
I too took (and passed) my CPNE at Mansfield. I'm sorry to hear that site closed, I had a very good experience there.
I agree that some of the biggest factors for success include preparation and not listening to the naysayers. Out of 11 students in my CPNE group, I was only one who was there for the first time. I was overwhelmed by the negativity, but a call home to a friend helped me to reframe my thinking.Oct 20, '13Quote from vampiregirlExcellent article
I too took (and passed) my CPNE at Mansfield. I'm sorry to hear that site closed, I had a very good experience there.
I agree that some of the biggest factors for success include preparation and not listening to the naysayers. Out of 11 students in my CPNE group, I was only one who was there for the first time. I was overwhelmed by the negativity, but a call home to a friend helped me to reframe my thinking.
I passed in Mansfield. Only 2:6 did...I liked the site...very small town feel. I think the smallness and lack of hustle and bustle kept my nerves at bay.Oct 20, '13I passed the CPNE 20+ years ago (yikes!), when you could still take it in California. Interesting to see that it really hasn't changed much as far as structure (but it certainly costs more!! I paid about $800 LOL).. I passed all my labs and all my PCS's first try, so it can be done!Oct 20, '13I passed first try in Wisconsin 2005. I always believed my 19 years as an LPN was invaluable to passing. Can't imagine trying t hat with only a couple years under my belt. I'm typically pretty calm, cool & collected but that test had me rattled but in hindsight that's because other people had me scared to death. It was actually pretty basic.
I can still vividly recall driving away on Sunday singing my lungs out & dancing in the car seat for the entire 3 hour car ride home.Oct 20, '13This was a really well written article. I could see how one would fail at a testing site & be bitter about it. It would work the other way at a brick & mortar school if a student failed. At the end it all comes down to you, regardless of where you go to school. You can't expect you pass without studying. EC is just a different way of studying & you have to know what works for you. I have looked into EC & I know it would not work for me so I am going to apply at my local community college. But good luck to everyone going through the EC program!