SPIT AT....AGAIN!

  1. 2 I am so tired of being spit on by patients! We all know the aggressive, out of control patients that spit. You're attempting four point restraints, they're growling snarling, someone holds their head so you won't get bit as 10 people try to restrain the maniac then comes the sound.....hawk! That I-am-collecting-a-large-loogey-in-the-back-of-my-throat-to-hit-you-in-the-face-with-sound. Anybody have a solution. Clearly regular masks don't work because they thrash around, get them dislodged, plus you risk being bitten while placing it. I was thinking bipap but it's pretty hard to get an order for bipap because someone is violent. Anyone come up with a solution for spitters? They're pretty hard to control. Our psych population has been unusually high lately for the summer and my fuse is wearing short.
  2. Visit  ThrowEdNurse profile page

    About ThrowEdNurse

    ThrowEdNurse has '5' year(s) of experience and specializes in 'Emergency'. 38 Years Old; Joined Sep '08; Posts: 295; Likes: 619.

    53 Comments so far...

  3. Visit  CVmursenary profile page
    14
    Haldol and a tazer
    AngelfireRN, MAISY, RN-ER, MikeyBSN, and 11 others like this.
  4. Visit  Reno1978 profile page
    1
    Bipap would be contraindicated for restrained patients.

    Our ED has what they call "spit nets" available. They look similar to the mesh hoods that a beekeeper would wear sorta.
    nickos likes this.
  5. Visit  grandmawrinkle profile page
    3
    I don't know that BiPAP would be contraindicated for restrained patients -- don't understand that statement. BiPAP would be contraindicated for someone without respiratory compromise, however....it's non-invasive ventilation. Why would a spitter need that?

    I personally like brandon's response. Why can't nurses have tazers? It would make life so much easier....
  6. Visit  Flo. profile page
    3
    I second the spit hood.
    MAISY, RN-ER, nickos, and mamamerlee like this.
  7. Visit  Larry77 profile page
    2
    Spit hood, restraints, then Haldol/Ativan...sometimes security throws in some tazer action. Plus remember you can press charges when you've been spit on...is assault and in my state assaulting a licensed caregiver is a class C felony :-)
    nursein2012 and Altra like this.
  8. Visit  nursinger profile page
    2
    Spit hood. If no spit hood, towel over the face.
    MassED and canoehead like this.
  9. Visit  Altra profile page
    1
    So sorry, ThrowED. For you ... hugs, and your favorite adult beverage.

    For the perp ... a surgical mask, 4-pt. restraints, & Vitamins H & A. And yes, a police report -- spitting is assault.
    MAISY, RN-ER likes this.
  10. Visit  nursej22 profile page
    7
    Not seen it personally, but I'm told our ED uses the disposable mesh panties we have for holding peripads in place.
    MassED, canoehead, nursel56, and 4 others like this.
  11. Visit  Reno1978 profile page
    0
    Quote from grandmawrinkle
    I don't know that BiPAP would be contraindicated for restrained patients -- don't understand that statement. BiPAP would be contraindicated for someone without respiratory compromise, however....it's non-invasive ventilation. Why would a spitter need that?

    I personally like brandon's response. Why can't nurses have tazers? It would make life so much easier....
    BiPAP can result in the swallowing of air and can induce vomiting, so the person has to be able to remove the mask themselves if they vomit, which wouldn't be possible if their limbs are restrained.
  12. Visit  mskate profile page
    4
    We restrain Bipap patients a lot. If they are confused with a co2 through the roof and unable to ventilate properly, we restrain them for their own safety. Of course they are not ignored in the back corner of the unit, but allowing someone to continually pull of a mask when they are not with it endangers their health massively.

    Bipap is contraindicated for patients without distress. Medical restraints are contraindicated for patients who are appropriate and "with it". Restraining confused patients and assisting them with ventilation is saving their life. If you have an alert patient that is appropriate, sure, don't tie them down. If you have an alert and oriented patient who is simply unable to tolerate bipap - consider other options - including intubation.

    That being said - i will sometimes just put surgical masks on patients who cannot keep their sputum to themselves.
    tryingtohaveitall, MassED, Altra, and 1 other like this.
  13. Visit  GreyGull profile page
    0
    Quote from mskate
    We restrain Bipap patients a lot. If they are confused with a co2 through the roof and unable to ventilate properly, we restrain them for their own safety. Of course they are not ignored in the back corner of the unit, but allowing someone to continually pull of a mask when they are not with it endangers their health massively.
    By your profile it seems you work in the ICUs. BiPAP patients with direct supervision can be restrained. However it is not appropriate practice for med-surg or a busy ED. Also, a struggling patient will be out of synch with the machine and it will be of little benefit to the patient. HFNC may be more appropriate if oxygenation is an issue or even intubation if CO2 clearance is the problem.

    For spitting, I do like the spit nets.
  14. Visit  ObtundedRN profile page
    1
    If a surgical mask isn't working, then try the spit net or a non-rebreather mask. The NRB works well since it has the elastic strap. And if they say no to that because its high flow O2 without an order, just pull off the valve covers so they don't need to be hooked up to the O2 at all.
    MassED likes this.


Nursing Jobs in every specialty and state. Visit today and find your dream job.

Top
close
close