Multiple Exposures to Anesthesia May Increase Risk of ADHD, Learning Disabilities in Young Children
Infants and very young children who are exposed to anesthesia may experience greater rates of learning disabilities and cognitive challenges than children who are not, according to research and emerging data presented during the SmartTots: Pediatric Anesthesia Neurotoxicity panel at the recent meeting of the International Anesthesia Research Society in Vancouver, B.C. Studies in nonhuman primates have raised serious worries about the impacts of anesthesia on the developing nonhuman primate brain. Dr. Merle Paule of the National Center for Toxicological Research in his recent findings discovered that a single 24-hour episode of ketamine anesthesia results in very long-lasting deficits in brain function in nonhuman primates. According to him, the results provide proof-of-concept that general anesthesia during key periods of brain development can cause subsequent functional deficits.
From "Multiple Exposures to Anesthesia May Increase Risk of ADHD, Learning Disabilities in Young Children"