Our hospital gives preceptees a bunch of core competency check off lists, almost like a "care map" for the orientation period, etc. They are told they will have lots of small evals to help bite problems in the butt or identify preceptor/preceptee clashes. They have a lot of classes, but nothing very ICU oriented. Supposedly, they choose a mentor.
The preceptor takes one 6 hour class if they wish to precept and can then precept.
In theory, it sounds like a good model.. but only if individual units enforce it. With the exception of choosing preceptors... they kind of let anyone and everyone do it regardless.. even if they have shown to be bad preceptors in the past.
The model you're saying sounds good, honestly.
Some things people can't really seem to decide upon in my hospital: 1 vs more than 1 preceptor. Some people thrive by learning things from different people, as a different preceptor can offer different insight and different ways of thinking. Then there's some that think there should only be one preceptor for a preceptee, and some preceptees really can't adapt to a change in preceptors well (although this may reflect upon their ability in general to adapt..?).
As for preceptees feeling part of the team, luckily there's this quiet safety net amongst the individuals in my unit. They don't really stand out at first glance because they don't socialize at the nurse's station, talk loudly, etc. But they also tend to reach out to preceptees and help make them feel competent and wanted by the unit more than others. Otherwise, there's very little done to help preceptees feel part of the unit. The hospital overall gives preceptees a lot of "pep talks" in various classes about how they think every person there is special etc and how much of a difference each one can make. Unfortunately, it's kinda cheesy and I don't know how many people take it w/o lots of salt.
For rapid clinical competency, you need the unit as a whole aware of the preceptee. Offering up skills for them to practice is helpful. Another helpful thing is having preceptors that have a good balance between letting the preceptee take over all the work yet enough oversight to make sure it is safe (maybe not the first week, but after x many weeks). Telling preceptees what to do at x time every day will not make them competent nurses, only a nurse that only does what they're told to! Of course this can be solved by frequent meetings with both together, and separate, so issues can be identified and solved.
Unfortunately, learn from my unit's mistakes... preceptees are basically left to the wolves. If the preceptor doesn't like them, the preceptee tends to get a very negative eval only at the end of precepting, and often with no constructive criticism. All the paperwork is a good idea, but only when it's enforced .. and in our unit, the preceptees are motivated to do the paperwork... it's the preceptors that aren't doing it. Tends to fall on the preceptee's head though.